menu
more_vert
看看PHP迭代器的内部执行过程

作者:dayu

 1 class myIterator implements Iterator {
 2     private $position = 0;
 3     private $array = array(
 4         "first_element",
 5         "second_element",
 6         "last_element",
 7     );  
 8 
 9     public function __construct() {
10         $this->position = 0;
11     }
12 
13     function rewind() {
14         var_dump(__METHOD__);
15         $this->position = 0;
16     }
17 
18     function current() {
19         var_dump(__METHOD__);
20         return $this->array[$this->position];
21     }
22 
23     function key() {
24         var_dump(__METHOD__);
25         return $this->position;
26     }
27 
28     function next() {
29         var_dump(__METHOD__);
30         ++$this->position;
31     }
32 
33     function valid() {
34         var_dump(__METHOD__);
35         return isset($this->array[$this->position]);
36     }
37 }
38 
39 $it = new myIterator;
40 
41 foreach($it as $key => $value) {
42     echo ‘输出键值:‘;
43     var_dump($key, $value);
44     //echo $key;
45     echo "\n";
46 }

程序运行输出:

string(18) "myIterator::rewind"
string(17) "myIterator::valid"
string(19) "myIterator::current"
string(15) "myIterator::key"
输出键值:int(0)
string(13) "first_element"

string(16) "myIterator::next"
string(17) "myIterator::valid"
string(19) "myIterator::current"
string(15) "myIterator::key"
输出键值:int(1)
string(14) "second_element"

string(16) "myIterator::next"
string(17) "myIterator::valid"
string(19) "myIterator::current"
string(15) "myIterator::key"
输出键值:int(2)
string(12) "last_element"

string(16) "myIterator::next"
string(17) "myIterator::valid"

一般的迭代器内部需要下面的方法:

  • Iterator::current— Return the current element 返回当前元素
  • Iterator::key— Return the key of the current element 返回当前元素的键
  • Iterator::next— Move forward to next element 移向下一个元素
  • Iterator::rewind— Rewind the Iterator to the first element 重新回到第一个元素
  • Iterator::valid— Checks if current position is valid 检查当前位置的有效性

如果不是很清楚迭代器的内容工作流程,可以查看下面的迭代器对数组的遍历过程:

/**
* 
*/
class MyIterator implements Iterator
{
     private $var = array();

     public function __construct($array)
     {
         if (is_array($array)) {
            $this->var = $array;
         }
     }

     public function rewind() {
         echo "倒回第一个元素\n";
        reset($this->var);
     }

     public function current() {
        $var = current($this->var);
         echo "当前元素: $var\n";
         return $var;
     }

     public function key() {
        $var = key($this->var);
         echo "当前元素的键: $var\n";
         return $var;
     }

     public function next() {
        $var = next($this->var);
         echo "移向下一个元素: $var\n";
         return $var;
     }

     public function valid() {
        $var = $this->current() !== false;
         echo "检查有效性: {$var}\n";
         return $var;
     }
}

$values = array(1,2,3);
$it = new MyIterator($values);

foreach ($it as $k => $v) {
     print "此时键值对 -- key $k: value $v\n\n";
}

程序运行结果:

倒回第一个元素
当前元素: 1
检查有效性: 1
当前元素: 1
当前元素的键: 0
此时键值对 -- key 0: value 1

移向下一个元素: 2
当前元素: 2
检查有效性: 1
当前元素: 2
当前元素的键: 1
此时键值对 -- key 1: value 2

移向下一个元素: 3
当前元素: 3
检查有效性: 1
当前元素: 3
当前元素的键: 2
此时键值对 -- key 2: value 3

移向下一个元素: 
当前元素: 
检查有效性: 

看看PHP迭代器的内部执行过程

原文地址:http://www.cnblogs.com/zuochuang/p/7246222.html